International Conference «Monarchy, Aristocracy, Democracy | The mixed constitution and modern political culture»

International Conference «Monarchy, Aristocracy, Democracy | The mixed constitution and modern political culture»

26th and 27th of September

Colégio Almada Negreiros (CAN) | NOVA School of Law

The mixed constitution is a genuine, relevant legacy of ancient philosophy to the Western political tradition. Classical thinkers understood that political forms were doomed to corrupt and be replaced by others, in a recurring and inevitable cycle presided over by violence. However, in an attempt to ensure the longest possible duration and stability of order, they distilled an ideal constitution composed of the positive features of the three main political forms —monarchy, aristocracy and democracy.

Recovered in the Renaissance, the mixed constitution went through the Early Modern period as a model that could counter the threats of degradation towards the three possible flawed forms of government: tyranny, oligarchy or anarchy.

In the wake of Montesquieu’s work in the 18th century, liberal constitutions were shaped trying to avoid the preponderance of one such element or dimension over the others.

Recently recovered attention, this metalanguage of politics still awaits much interdisciplinary research and reflection for thinking about order and disorder, unity, inequality, representation and participation in modern societies; and especially for understanding the historical meaning of democracy before the establishment of universal suffrage.

The celebration of the 200th anniversary of the first Portuguese Constitution offers an opportunity to reflect on these issues from a comparative European, Iberian and American perspective.

The conference is presential but will also be available in streaming and recorded.

For inscriptions and access to streaming, send an email to:

Inscription are free of charge. Inscribed participants attending the conference will get a certificate after the event.


    • Organizadores, representantes do Centro de Humanidades CHAM
  • Uwe Backes, Instituto Hannah Arendt – Universidade de Tecnologia de Dresden
  • Pablo Sánchez León, Centro de Humanidades CHAM— Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
  • Organizadores, diretora da NOVA School of Law
  • Antonio Rivera García, Universidade Complutense de Madrid
  • Darío Roldán, Universidade Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires
  • Oradora principal: Cristina Queiroz, NOVA School of Law, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
  • Fernando Dores Costa, Instituto de História Contemporânea, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
  • Luís Cabral de Oliveira, CEDIS-NOVA School of Law/Instituto Politécnico de Leiria
  • Cristina Nogueira da Silva, NOVA School of Law
  • Pablo Sánchez León, Centro de Humanidades CHAM
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